Whereas in English terms, it is separated between larger ships and smaller boats. Traditionally, ships can carry boats but boats cannot carry ships. The actual size at which a Boat is called a Ship is always determined by local laws and regulations or customs.

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For centuries, ships were used by humans to navigate rivers or oceans, which was initiated by the invention of the boat. Usually humans in the past used canoes, rafts or boats, the greater the need for load capacity, a larger boat or raft is made called a ship.

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The materials used for shipbuilding in the past used wood, bamboo or papyrus sticks like those used by the ancient Egyptians and then metal materials such as iron / steel were used because of the human need for strong ships. For propulsion humans initially used paddles and then wind with the help of sails, steam engines after the Industrial Revolution and diesel and nuclear engines emerged. Several studies have led to motorized ships that float on water such as the Hovercraft and Ekranoplane. As well as ships used on the ocean floor, namely submarines.




For centuries ships were used to transport passengers and goods until finally at the beginning of the 20th century an airplane was found that was able to carry goods and passengers in a short time so that the ship had a tough competition. However, ships still have the advantage of being able to transport goods with a greater tonnage so that they are dominated by commercial ships and tankers, while passenger ships have been converted into cruise ships such as the Queen Elizabeth and Awani Dream.

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These early ships had a limited function: they could move on water, but only that. Mainly used for hunting and fishing. The oldest canoes that archaeologists have found are often made from the trunks of coniferous trees, using simple stone tools. agen judi slot To determine direction, in the past ships sailed not far from continents or land. However, in accordance with the development, finally the crew used the star as a navigation aid with aids in the form of a compass and astrolabe and maps. The discovery of the hourglass by the Arabs also helped navigation, coupled with the invention of the clock by John Harrison in the 17th century. The invention of the telegraph by Samuel F.B. Morse and radio by G. Marconi, especially the use of radar and sonar invented in the 20th century shifted the role of the navigator. Ship speed unit is calculated in knots where 1 knot = 1.85200 km / hour.


Towards the end of the 20th century, navigation was greatly facilitated by GPS, which has very high accuracy with the help of satellites. Apart from that a very modern communication system also supports navigation with the presence of several kinds of equipment such as Harp-type radar which allows navigators / mualim to see directly state of sea conditions.


This harp radar is a modern radar that can directly detect the distance between ship and ship, ship to land, ships with dangerous areas, ship speed, wind speed, and has clear image accuracy.


Apart from that there is another GMDSS (Global Maritime Distress safety system) system, a global shipping safety system.


If a ship is in a dangerous condition, this system will emit an alarm containing the position of the ship, the name of the ship, the type of distress, automatically, quickly, precisely, accurately.


The first known travel records are of a nation that colonized Australia around 60,000 to 40,000 years ago. However, another record of the voyages made by early humans is the voyages made about 900,000 years ago.

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Although it is not clear when the first sea voyage took place, the earliest known ship used at sea was a simple wooden ship.

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